Drug Rehab Centers Brookings SD
Services Offered: Substance abuse treatment
Payment Accepted: Self payment, Private health insurance
Specializing in DUI/DWI offenders
Our mission is the diagnosis and treatment of abuse and dependency related to alcohol and drugs as well as addressing the thinking
errors associated with chemical dependency. We believe that alcoholism and drug addiction should be treated as a health issue rather
than a moral issue, and our outpatient program allows individuals to remain in their homes and continue with their jobs and family life.
First Step is fully accredited by the State of South Dakota Department of Human Services. First Step is committed to providing:
confidential, professional, caring and prompt service
a focus on physical, mental, spiritual, social and emotional well-being
programs designed to achieve individual and family wholeness
counselors and staff who are dedicated to honesty, compassion and professionalism
low-cost, community based programs designed to meet our clients’ needs
Communication of the Addict Brain
Communication of the Addict Brain
Karla Kiecolt-BlasdellThursday, January 03, 2008
The distinction between physical dependence and addiction is separated using the term physical dependence for a narrower, older definition and the new definition of addiction. Physical dependence is mostly described as a simple cellular adaption of a substance to the body. It especially concen- trates on the neurons as the communication center and the chemical which the brain is influenced by. In contrast, addiction is known to be a complex, lifelong disease of one''s entire self.
In studying human brain activity we have learned communication and impulses are carried from one cell to another. There are billions of nerve cells in the brain. These are called neurons. Most neurons have one branch that carry impulses away from the cell body. This branch is called an axon.
The outer part of the neuron where the branching of the axon begins is called the dendrite. A single neuron may have as many as 10,000 dendrites.
The dendrites then can receive signals from the axons from thousands of different neurons. Simply breaking down how neurons work in the brain focuses on the synapse, the space in the brain where the impulses pass between the cells. The synapse is tiny and continuously active. The activity is affected by both abusive drugs and psychoactive medications. The chemicals enter the bloodstream, pass through the blood-brain barrier and become part of the chemical bath that reaches all the synapses in the brain.
Psychoactive externally supplied chemicals inhibit transmission between particular groups of axons and dendrites.
Neurons primarily serve excitatory or inhibitory roles in the brain.
Abusive drugs fit both of these categories. Amphetamines and cocaine fall into the stimulant category and are primarily excitatory, whereas, alcohol and opiates fall into the depressant category and are primarily inhibitory.
Addiction is more than a chemical reaction in the brain. It also relies on three types of behavior-affecting stimuli described by psychologists. They
are: positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, and punishment. A good feeling is positive reinforcement, relief of a painful experience is con- sidered a negative reinforcement. The punishment is a consequence of a negative behavior. All three of these behaviors have direct application to the experience of addiction. Abused drugs directly affect the synapses in the pleasure centers of the brain. There are many activities and substances that impact the pleasure-producing neurons. When referring to addiction it principally involves two features: loss of control (unmanageable), dis- honesty (denial). Without these two features addiction cannot exist.
People who are addicted almost act as if they are hypnotized. They cannot tell you why they continue their use of drugs and alcohol despite the negative impact on their lives. Even though the loss over pleasure- driven behaviors is alw...