Drug Rehab Centers Cedar City UT

The distinction between physical dependence and addiction is separated using the term physical dependence for a narrower, older definition and the new definition of addiction. Physical dependence is mostly described as a simple cellular adaption of a substance to the body. It especially concen- trates on the neurons as the communication center and the chemical which the brain is influenced by. Read on for more.

Horizon House
(435) 586-2515
54 North 200 East
Cedar City, UT

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Emerson, Stephen
(801) 487-1091
150 South 600 East 7B
Salt Lake City, UT

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Valley Mental Health
(801) 538-2057x228
443 South 600 East
Salt Lake City, UT

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Metro Treatment of Utah LP
(435) 755-5916
1300 North 200 East
Logan, UT

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Valley Mental Health/Tooele
(435) 843-3520
100 South 1000 West Street
Tooele, UT

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Academy at Cedar Mountain
(435) 867-5555
97 West 400 South
Cedar City, UT

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Positive Adjustments Corporation
(801) 299-1323
48 East 400 South
Bountiful, UT

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Heber Valley Counseling
(435) 654-3003
55 South 500 East Street
Heber City, UT

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Mower, Richard
(801) 292-6101
505 S Main St
Bountiful, UT

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Primary Childrens Medical Center
(801) 265-3142x3178
5770 South 1500 West Street
Salt Lake City, UT

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Communication of the Addict Brain

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Communication of the Addict Brain

Karla Kiecolt-Blasdell

Thursday, January 03, 2008

The distinction between physical dependence and addiction is separated using the term physical dependence for a narrower, older definition and the new definition of addiction. Physical dependence is mostly described as a simple cellular adaption of a substance to the body. It especially concen- trates on the neurons as the communication center and the chemical which the brain is influenced by. In contrast, addiction is known to be a complex, lifelong disease of one''s entire self.

In studying human brain activity we have learned communication and impulses are carried from one cell to another. There are billions of nerve cells in the brain. These are called neurons. Most neurons have one branch that carry impulses away from the cell body. This branch is called an axon.

The outer part of the neuron where the branching of the axon begins is called the dendrite. A single neuron may have as many as 10,000 dendrites.

The dendrites then can receive signals from the axons from thousands of different neurons. Simply breaking down how neurons work in the brain focuses on the synapse, the space in the brain where the impulses pass between the cells. The synapse is tiny and continuously active. The activity is affected by both abusive drugs and psychoactive medications. The chemicals enter the bloodstream, pass through the blood-brain barrier and become part of the chemical bath that reaches all the synapses in the brain.

Psychoactive externally supplied chemicals inhibit transmission between particular groups of axons and dendrites.

Neurons primarily serve excitatory or inhibitory roles in the brain.

Abusive drugs fit both of these categories. Amphetamines and cocaine fall into the stimulant category and are primarily excitatory, whereas, alcohol and opiates fall into the depressant category and are primarily inhibitory.

Addiction is more than a chemical reaction in the brain. It also relies on three types of behavior-affecting stimuli described by psychologists. They

are: positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, and punishment. A good feeling is positive reinforcement, relief of a painful experience is con- sidered a negative reinforcement. The punishment is a consequence of a negative behavior. All three of these behaviors have direct application to the experience of addiction. Abused drugs directly affect the synapses in the pleasure centers of the brain. There are many activities and substances that impact the pleasure-producing neurons. When referring to addiction it principally involves two features: loss of control (unmanageable), dis- honesty (denial). Without these two features addiction cannot exist.

People who are addicted almost act as if they are hypnotized. They cannot tell you why they continue their use of drugs and alcohol despite the negative impact on their lives. Even though the loss over pleasure- driven behaviors is alw...

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