Drug Rehab Centers Fort Dodge IA

The distinction between physical dependence and addiction is separated using the term physical dependence for a narrower, older definition and the new definition of addiction. Physical dependence is mostly described as a simple cellular adaption of a substance to the body. It especially concen- trates on the neurons as the communication center and the chemical which the brain is influenced by. Read on for more.

Trinity Regional Medical Center
(515) 574-6502
802 Kenyon Road
Fort Dodge, IA

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Community and Family Resources
(515) 332-4843
19 6th Street South
Humboldt, IA

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New Directions Inc
(631) 331-7270x105
217 6th Avenue South
Clinton, IA

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Steiner, Brian
(877) 944-1200
16 East Main Street Suite 240
Marshalltown, IA

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New Directions Inc/Ctr for Alcohol and
(563) 242-6805
2219 Garfield Street
Clinton, IA

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Community and Family Resources
(515) 955-7614
1506 31st Avenue North
Fort Dodge, IA

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Community and Family Resources
(515) 832-5432
916 Superior Street
Webster City, IA

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Ellsworth Municipal Hospital
(641) 648-6491
520 Talbott Street
Iowa Falls, IA

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SIEDA Substance Abuse Services
(641) 774-8279
115 South Main Street
Chariton, IA

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Northwest Iowa
(712) 472-3442
315 First Avenue
Rock Rapids, IA

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Communication of the Addict Brain

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Communication of the Addict Brain

Karla Kiecolt-Blasdell

Thursday, January 03, 2008

The distinction between physical dependence and addiction is separated using the term physical dependence for a narrower, older definition and the new definition of addiction. Physical dependence is mostly described as a simple cellular adaption of a substance to the body. It especially concen- trates on the neurons as the communication center and the chemical which the brain is influenced by. In contrast, addiction is known to be a complex, lifelong disease of one''s entire self.

In studying human brain activity we have learned communication and impulses are carried from one cell to another. There are billions of nerve cells in the brain. These are called neurons. Most neurons have one branch that carry impulses away from the cell body. This branch is called an axon.

The outer part of the neuron where the branching of the axon begins is called the dendrite. A single neuron may have as many as 10,000 dendrites.

The dendrites then can receive signals from the axons from thousands of different neurons. Simply breaking down how neurons work in the brain focuses on the synapse, the space in the brain where the impulses pass between the cells. The synapse is tiny and continuously active. The activity is affected by both abusive drugs and psychoactive medications. The chemicals enter the bloodstream, pass through the blood-brain barrier and become part of the chemical bath that reaches all the synapses in the brain.

Psychoactive externally supplied chemicals inhibit transmission between particular groups of axons and dendrites.

Neurons primarily serve excitatory or inhibitory roles in the brain.

Abusive drugs fit both of these categories. Amphetamines and cocaine fall into the stimulant category and are primarily excitatory, whereas, alcohol and opiates fall into the depressant category and are primarily inhibitory.

Addiction is more than a chemical reaction in the brain. It also relies on three types of behavior-affecting stimuli described by psychologists. They

are: positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, and punishment. A good feeling is positive reinforcement, relief of a painful experience is con- sidered a negative reinforcement. The punishment is a consequence of a negative behavior. All three of these behaviors have direct application to the experience of addiction. Abused drugs directly affect the synapses in the pleasure centers of the brain. There are many activities and substances that impact the pleasure-producing neurons. When referring to addiction it principally involves two features: loss of control (unmanageable), dis- honesty (denial). Without these two features addiction cannot exist.

People who are addicted almost act as if they are hypnotized. They cannot tell you why they continue their use of drugs and alcohol despite the negative impact on their lives. Even though the loss over pleasure- driven behaviors is alw...

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