Drug Rehab Centers Norfolk NE

The distinction between physical dependence and addiction is separated using the term physical dependence for a narrower, older definition and the new definition of addiction. Physical dependence is mostly described as a simple cellular adaption of a substance to the body. It especially concen- trates on the neurons as the communication center and the chemical which the brain is influenced by. Read on for more.

Behavioral Health Specialists Inc
Sunrise Place
923 East Norfolk Avenue,
Norfolk, NE68701
(402) 379-0040
www.4bhs.org

Services Offered: Substance abuse treatment, Detoxification, Buprenorphine Services

Residency: Residential short-term treatment (30 days or less)

Payment Accepted: Self payment, Medicaid, State financed insurance (other than Medicaid), Private health insurance, Military insurance (e.g., VA,TRICARE)

Payment Assistance: Sliding fee scale (fee is based on income and other factors)

Languages: ASL or other assistance for hearing impaired

Specializing in Persons with co-occurring mental and substance abuse disorders, Persons with HIV/AIDS, Gays and Lesbians, Seniors/older adults, Pregnant/postpartum women, Women, Men, Criminal justice clients

Behavioral Health Specialists, Inc., (BHS) has been providing quality professional care for over 20 years. Formerly Monroe Mental Health Center, the agency began operating as a private, non-profit organization in November of 1992. Prior to this, it had been owned by Region 4 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Service District, which developed as a result of the Nebraska Community Mental Health Center Act of 1974.

BHS currently provides an array of services throughout the Region 4 Behavioral Health Service area and in 65% of the Health & Human Services Northern Service Area. Our agency’s main office is centrally located in Norfolk. We operate two short-term residential treatment programs: Seekers of Serenity in Columbus, Nebraska and Sunrise Place in Norfolk, Nebraska. We have foster homes, respite care homes, family support services and community support services that extend throughout northeast Nebraska.

Communication of the Addict Brain

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Communication of the Addict Brain

Karla Kiecolt-Blasdell

Thursday, January 03, 2008

The distinction between physical dependence and addiction is separated using the term physical dependence for a narrower, older definition and the new definition of addiction. Physical dependence is mostly described as a simple cellular adaption of a substance to the body. It especially concen- trates on the neurons as the communication center and the chemical which the brain is influenced by. In contrast, addiction is known to be a complex, lifelong disease of one''s entire self.

In studying human brain activity we have learned communication and impulses are carried from one cell to another. There are billions of nerve cells in the brain. These are called neurons. Most neurons have one branch that carry impulses away from the cell body. This branch is called an axon.

The outer part of the neuron where the branching of the axon begins is called the dendrite. A single neuron may have as many as 10,000 dendrites.

The dendrites then can receive signals from the axons from thousands of different neurons. Simply breaking down how neurons work in the brain focuses on the synapse, the space in the brain where the impulses pass between the cells. The synapse is tiny and continuously active. The activity is affected by both abusive drugs and psychoactive medications. The chemicals enter the bloodstream, pass through the blood-brain barrier and become part of the chemical bath that reaches all the synapses in the brain.

Psychoactive externally supplied chemicals inhibit transmission between particular groups of axons and dendrites.

Neurons primarily serve excitatory or inhibitory roles in the brain.

Abusive drugs fit both of these categories. Amphetamines and cocaine fall into the stimulant category and are primarily excitatory, whereas, alcohol and opiates fall into the depressant category and are primarily inhibitory.

Addiction is more than a chemical reaction in the brain. It also relies on three types of behavior-affecting stimuli described by psychologists. They

are: positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, and punishment. A good feeling is positive reinforcement, relief of a painful experience is con- sidered a negative reinforcement. The punishment is a consequence of a negative behavior. All three of these behaviors have direct application to the experience of addiction. Abused drugs directly affect the synapses in the pleasure centers of the brain. There are many activities and substances that impact the pleasure-producing neurons. When referring to addiction it principally involves two features: loss of control (unmanageable), dis- honesty (denial). Without these two features addiction cannot exist.

People who are addicted almost act as if they are hypnotized. They cannot tell you why they continue their use of drugs and alcohol despite the negative impact on their lives. Even though the loss over pleasure- driven behaviors is alw...

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