Drug Addiction Rehab Centers North Pole AK

There are two components to drug addiction and these are physical dependency and psychological dependency. With physical dependency, the person has used the drug so often that it is now habit and he or she must continue to use the drug in order to feel that they are able to function normally. To stop using the drug would bring on severe and highly unpleasant withdrawal symptoms.

Fairbanks Native Association
Ralph Perdue Center
3100 South Cushman Street, Suite 100,
Fairbanks, AK99701
(907) 452-6251x6411
www.fairbanksnative.org

Intake Phone Numbers:
(907) 452-6251x6400

Services Offered: Substance abuse treatment

Residency: Residential long-term treatment (more than 30 days), Outpatient

Payment Accepted: Self payment, Medicaid, Medicare, Private health insurance, Military insurance (e.g., VA,TRICARE)

Specializing in DUI/DWI offenders

For thousands of years Alaska’s first people, jointly called Alaska Natives, made their livelihood as subsistence hunters and fishers (Alaska’s History: The People, Land and Events of the North Country, 1993). In Alaska’s interior region the subsistence traditions of our ancestors were forever changed by the first successful expedition into the Interior by Lt. Henry Allen in 1885 and the discovery of gold in the Tanana Valley surrounding Fairbanks. The discovery of gold brought thousands of non-Native people to the area and the Alaska Native traditional subsistence lifestyle began to give way to one marked by permanent villages, which today rely in large part on a cash economy.

The increasing reliance of these villages on the cash economy has forced many Alaska Natives to leave their ancestral homelands for Alaska’s urban areas, including Fairbanks, to seek employment. In 1960, only 12% of Alaska Natives lived in urban areas. By 1990 the percent of Alaska Natives living in urban areas increased to 44%. Population changes between 1980 and 1990 reflect the highest rate of Native in-migration to urban centers. In 1990, for instance, 11% of the population of the Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area (Alaska’s Interior) migrated to other parts of Alaska (Alaska Department of Labor, 1994).

The experiences of the first Alaska Natives to move to the city of Fairbanks were marked by discrimination. Many Alaska Native men serving in the United States Army during World War II at Ladd Airfield Base near Fairbanks were barred from Fairbanks stores, hotels, restaurants, and bars. At that time “No Indians” signs and attitudes were an integral part of the Alaska Native experience in urban areas.

By the mid-1960s most of the signs had come down, but Alaska Natives continued to find that they were welcome in few public places. “Even people who didn’t drink had no place to go except the bars,” said Poldine Carlo, Athabascan Native Elder and one of FNA’s charter members, when asked why she started FNA. “Because there was nowhere else for them to go, we started inviting people over to our house. For two or three winters, we even had different village mushers and their dogs staying here in the woods behind our house.”

It was these experiences that led Poldine Carlo and others, including her husband Bill and Ralph Perdue, Morris Thompson, Margie Wright, John Sackett, and Max Huhndorf to organize an association for urban Alaska Natives. While the Civil Rights Movement was shaking the nation, Alaska Natives in Fairbanks started meeting around Poldine’s kitchen table to design an association that would bring Alaska Native people living in Fairbanks together; an association that would give them a sense of belonging where there was none; an association that would speak on behalf of Alaska Natives, who had little political clout; and an association that would meet their cultural, social, and economic needs.

In 1967 FNA was incorporated as a nonprofit under the laws of the State of Alaska. Membership then as it is now was open to Alaska Natives and American Indians of one-quarter blood or greater who once a year elect a nine-person board of directors. Today FNA is a powerful and influential Native American voice in Alaska. Over the years our organization has changed public policies that were discriminatory to our people and our programs have helped countless people find new jobs, maintain sobriety, celebrate their culture, and receive an education.

As FNA continues to build a stronger community, we will hold true to our mission “to provide quality services in a professional manner for our membership and the greater Fairbanks community.”

Drug Addiction

Provided By: 

Drug Addiction

Anne Wolski

Friday, September 14, 2007 Drug addiction is a state of being that is characterised by the compulsive intake and intoxication of a drug. It is the compulsion to consume the drug, regardless of the negative consequences. It can be either a physical or psychological addiction or even a combination of both of these.

It is more appropriate to say that it is a behavioural problem where the use of a mind altering substance dominates the person's motivation and where it appears that normal controls no longer work. Addiction is actually a complicated brain disorder but it can be treated.

This is one of the most common illnesses in the Western world with an estimated nine million Americans needing treatment for an addiction. This makes the condition more prevalent than heart disease. There are also thousands of drug-related deaths every year and around a quarter of AIDS cases are from injecting drugs.

Not every drug affects every user in the same way. It is believed that some people are more predisposed to addiction than others. This may be psychological or genetic in nature. Also, some drugs require more exposure than others before addiction sets in.

Often, substance abuse is confused with addiction. However, substance abuse which is any use of a harmful substance can occur with or without addiction. These drugs affect the neurological impulses affecting motivation and reward. They also inhibit further learning, therefore meaning that further use ceases to make learning important to the user.

It has long been known that Glutamate, Dopamine, and Serotonin, chemicals in the brain, are associated with drug addiction and the compulsive behaviours related to cocaine and amphetamine use.

There are two components to drug addiction and these are physical dependency and psychological dependency. With physical dependency, the person has used the drug so often that it is now habit and he or she must continue to use the drug in order to feel that they are able to function normally. To stop using the drug would bring on severe and highly unpleasant withdrawal symptoms.

Psychological dependency, on the other hand, happens when the drug has been used regularly to obtain pleasure or alleviate pain and the person has become emotionally dependent on the effect. As with physical dependency, to stop the drug makes the person feel incapable of normal functioning and produces intense cravings. It is common for addicts to have both physical and psychological dependency.

There are treatments available to help the addict. These can include cognitive therapy, psychotherapy, counselling, medications and combinations of any of these. The success of treatment is just as effective as it is for other chronic disorders such as asthma and high blood pressure and the treatment is cost effective.

It has also been noted that there is a marked reduction in drug related crime among those under treatment. Additionally, those on Methadone tre...

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