Alcoholism Treatment Center Alamogordo NM

Alcoholism may appear after the first drink, many years of drinking, or after a period of binge drinking. If a person's culture is alcohol free, obviously the genetic influence will not cause alcoholism.

Otero County Council on
(505) 437-8942
850 Wright Avenue
Alamogordo, NM

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Counseling Center Inc
(505) 437-7404
1900 East 10th Street
Alamogordo, NM

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Ayudantes Inc
(505) 425-6786
3001 Hot Springs Boulevard
Las Vegas, NM

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Valencia Counseling Services Inc
(505) 865-3350
735 Don Pasqual Road
Los Lunas, NM

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Valencia Counseling Services Inc
(505) 287-7985
906 North 1st Street
Grants, NM

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Counseling Center Inc
(505) 437-7404
1900 East 10th Street
Alamogordo, NM

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Ottenheimer, Howard
(505) 989-3639
411 Saint Michaels Dr. Suite 8
Santa Fe, NM

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Southern New Mexico Human Development
(505) 882-5101
820 Highway 478
Anthony, NM

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Johnson, Mary
(505) 878-0080
2730 San Pedro NE Ste H
Albuquerque, NM

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Haverkos, Nancy
(505) 982-0085
1925 Aspen Dr Ste 602A
Santa Fe, NM

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What Causes Alcoholism?

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What Causes Alcoholism?

Philip Sicks

Friday, September 14, 2007 What causes alcoholism? Alcoholism is a disease caused in part by genetics, in part by culture, and in part by personal choice.

Several twin studies have looked at the different alcoholism rate between twins using a group of identical twins and a group of fraternal twins. If alcoholism were only a behavior learned in the home, a set of identical twins should have the same rate of alcoholism as a set of fraternal twins. In fact, if one identical twin is an alcoholic the odds that the other will be also is higher than the odds for fraternal twins. Because identical twins have the same set of genes, and fraternal twins do not, there must be something in the genes themselves that increases the chances of becoming an alcoholic. (Crabbe, J.C., & Harris, R.A., eds. The Genetic Basis of Alcohol and Drug Actions. New York: Plenum Press, 1991.)

Culture also plays a part. Alcoholism may appear after the first drink, many years of drinking, or after a period of binge drinking. If a person's culture is alcohol free, obviously the genetic influence will not cause alcoholism. If the culture only approves of light drinking and occasional drinking, the rate of alcoholism will be lower than a culture that encourages alcohol use. (American Psychologist, 39, 1337-1351, 1984. Reprinted in W.R. Miller (Ed.), Alcoholism: Theory, research, and treatment, Lexington, MA: Gunn, 1985.)

Personal choice also plays a role. Som...

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