Alcoholism Treatment Center Alamogordo NM

Alcoholism may appear after the first drink, many years of drinking, or after a period of binge drinking. If a person's culture is alcohol free, obviously the genetic influence will not cause alcoholism.

Counseling Center Inc
(505) 437-7404
1900 East 10th Street
Alamogordo, NM

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Life Link
(505) 438-0010
2325 Cerrillos Road
Santa Fe, NM

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Presbyterian Medical Services
(505) 289-3291
6439 Highway 44
Cuba, NM

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Elizabeth Clearwater, NCC
(505) 474-3626 
Santa Fe, NM

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Families And Youth  Inc
(505) 522-4004
1320 South Solano Street
Las Cruces, NM

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Otero County Council on
(505) 437-8942
850 Wright Avenue
Alamogordo, NM

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Otero County Council on
(505) 437-8942
850 Wright Avenue
Alamogordo, NM

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Prudence Davis, NCC
(505) 224-5947 
Albuquerque, NM

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Grimm, Gary
(505) 986-8688
PO Box 9006
Santa Fe, NM

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Rio Grande Alcoholism Treatment Prog
(505) 579-4251
1102 State Highway 68
Embudo, NM

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What Causes Alcoholism?

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What Causes Alcoholism?

Philip Sicks

Friday, September 14, 2007 What causes alcoholism? Alcoholism is a disease caused in part by genetics, in part by culture, and in part by personal choice.

Several twin studies have looked at the different alcoholism rate between twins using a group of identical twins and a group of fraternal twins. If alcoholism were only a behavior learned in the home, a set of identical twins should have the same rate of alcoholism as a set of fraternal twins. In fact, if one identical twin is an alcoholic the odds that the other will be also is higher than the odds for fraternal twins. Because identical twins have the same set of genes, and fraternal twins do not, there must be something in the genes themselves that increases the chances of becoming an alcoholic. (Crabbe, J.C., & Harris, R.A., eds. The Genetic Basis of Alcohol and Drug Actions. New York: Plenum Press, 1991.)

Culture also plays a part. Alcoholism may appear after the first drink, many years of drinking, or after a period of binge drinking. If a person's culture is alcohol free, obviously the genetic influence will not cause alcoholism. If the culture only approves of light drinking and occasional drinking, the rate of alcoholism will be lower than a culture that encourages alcohol use. (American Psychologist, 39, 1337-1351, 1984. Reprinted in W.R. Miller (Ed.), Alcoholism: Theory, research, and treatment, Lexington, MA: Gunn, 1985.)

Personal choice also plays a role. Som...

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