Alcoholism Treatment Center Arkadelphia AR

Alcoholism may appear after the first drink, many years of drinking, or after a period of binge drinking. If a person's culture is alcohol free, obviously the genetic influence will not cause alcoholism.

Quapaw House Inc
(870) 246-7636
401 Crittenden Street
Arkadelphia, AR

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New Beginnings CASA
(870) 226-9955
412 York Steet
Warren, AR

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Southwest Arkansas Counseling MH Ctr
(870) 773-4655
2904 Arkansas Boulevard
Texarkana, AR

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Quapaw House Inc
(501) 767-4456
812 Mountain Pine Road
Hot Springs National Park, AR

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Michelle Coleman, NCC
(501) 315-2214 
Benton, AR

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Ozark Counseling Services Inc
(870) 741-8216
720 Goblin Drive
Harrison, AR

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Veterans Affairs Medical Center
(479) 443-4301x5768
1100 North College Street
Fayetteville, AR

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Gyst House Inc
(501) 568-1682
8101 Frenchman Lane
Little Rock, AR

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University of Arkansas for
(501) 686-9630
3924 West Markham Street
Little Rock, AR

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OMART Inc
(870) 435-6200
116 Snowball Drive
Gassville, AR

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What Causes Alcoholism?

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What Causes Alcoholism?

Philip Sicks

Friday, September 14, 2007 What causes alcoholism? Alcoholism is a disease caused in part by genetics, in part by culture, and in part by personal choice.

Several twin studies have looked at the different alcoholism rate between twins using a group of identical twins and a group of fraternal twins. If alcoholism were only a behavior learned in the home, a set of identical twins should have the same rate of alcoholism as a set of fraternal twins. In fact, if one identical twin is an alcoholic the odds that the other will be also is higher than the odds for fraternal twins. Because identical twins have the same set of genes, and fraternal twins do not, there must be something in the genes themselves that increases the chances of becoming an alcoholic. (Crabbe, J.C., & Harris, R.A., eds. The Genetic Basis of Alcohol and Drug Actions. New York: Plenum Press, 1991.)

Culture also plays a part. Alcoholism may appear after the first drink, many years of drinking, or after a period of binge drinking. If a person's culture is alcohol free, obviously the genetic influence will not cause alcoholism. If the culture only approves of light drinking and occasional drinking, the rate of alcoholism will be lower than a culture that encourages alcohol use. (American Psychologist, 39, 1337-1351, 1984. Reprinted in W.R. Miller (Ed.), Alcoholism: Theory, research, and treatment, Lexington, MA: Gunn, 1985.)

Personal choice also plays a role. Som...

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