Alcoholism Treatment Center Great Falls MT

Alcoholism may appear after the first drink, many years of drinking, or after a period of binge drinking. If a person's culture is alcohol free, obviously the genetic influence will not cause alcoholism.

Gateway Community Services
(406) 727-2512
401 3rd Avenue North
Great Falls, MT

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Kimberly Dickman, NCC
(406) 771-7480 
Great Falls, MT

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Benefits Healthcare
(406) 846-1320
500 15th Avenue South
Great Falls, MT

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Flathead Valley Chemical Dependency
(406) 756-6453
110 Nucleus Avenue
Columbia Falls, MT

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Blackfeet Chemical Dependency Program
(406) 338-6330
Blackfeet Indian Reservation
Browning, MT

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Rocky Mountain Treatment Center
(800) 521-6572
920 Fourth Avenue North
Great Falls, MT

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Benefis Healthcare
(406) 455-2367
500 15th Avenue South
Great Falls, MT

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Malmstrom Air Force Base
(406) 731-4451
341 MDG/SGOMH
Malmstrom A F B, MT

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Leslie Clarkson, Robert
(406) 222-8322
519 North H Street
Livingston, MT

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Boyd Andrew Community Services
(406) 225-4071
114 South Washington Street
Boulder, MT

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What Causes Alcoholism?

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What Causes Alcoholism?

Philip Sicks

Friday, September 14, 2007 What causes alcoholism? Alcoholism is a disease caused in part by genetics, in part by culture, and in part by personal choice.

Several twin studies have looked at the different alcoholism rate between twins using a group of identical twins and a group of fraternal twins. If alcoholism were only a behavior learned in the home, a set of identical twins should have the same rate of alcoholism as a set of fraternal twins. In fact, if one identical twin is an alcoholic the odds that the other will be also is higher than the odds for fraternal twins. Because identical twins have the same set of genes, and fraternal twins do not, there must be something in the genes themselves that increases the chances of becoming an alcoholic. (Crabbe, J.C., & Harris, R.A., eds. The Genetic Basis of Alcohol and Drug Actions. New York: Plenum Press, 1991.)

Culture also plays a part. Alcoholism may appear after the first drink, many years of drinking, or after a period of binge drinking. If a person's culture is alcohol free, obviously the genetic influence will not cause alcoholism. If the culture only approves of light drinking and occasional drinking, the rate of alcoholism will be lower than a culture that encourages alcohol use. (American Psychologist, 39, 1337-1351, 1984. Reprinted in W.R. Miller (Ed.), Alcoholism: Theory, research, and treatment, Lexington, MA: Gunn, 1985.)

Personal choice also plays a role. Som...

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