Alcoholism Treatment Center Hood River OR

Alcoholism may appear after the first drink, many years of drinking, or after a period of binge drinking. If a person's culture is alcohol free, obviously the genetic influence will not cause alcoholism.

Providence Gorge Counseling and
(541) 387-6138
814 13th Street
Hood River, OR

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Dependency Hlth Services White Salmon
(509) 493-3400
251 Rhine Village Drive
White Salmon, WA

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Crossroads
(541) 296-9805
414 Washington Street
The Dalles, OR

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Crossroads Behavioral Health
(509) 427-7100
77 SW Russel Avenue
Stevenson, WA

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Columbia Community Mental Health
(503) 397-5211
58646 McNulty Way
Saint Helens, OR

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Mid Columbia Center for Living
(541) 386-2620
1610 Woods Court
Hood River, OR

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Mid Columbia Center for Living
(541) 296-5452
419 East 7th Street
The Dalles, OR

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Skamania County Counseling Center
(509) 427-3850
683 SW Rock Creek Drive
Stevenson, WA

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Seasons
(503) 982-6721
1585 North Pacific Highway
Woodburn, OR

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Webert, Susan
(503) 234-3144
2607 SE Hawthorne Blvd.
Portland, OR

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What Causes Alcoholism?

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What Causes Alcoholism?

Philip Sicks

Friday, September 14, 2007 What causes alcoholism? Alcoholism is a disease caused in part by genetics, in part by culture, and in part by personal choice.

Several twin studies have looked at the different alcoholism rate between twins using a group of identical twins and a group of fraternal twins. If alcoholism were only a behavior learned in the home, a set of identical twins should have the same rate of alcoholism as a set of fraternal twins. In fact, if one identical twin is an alcoholic the odds that the other will be also is higher than the odds for fraternal twins. Because identical twins have the same set of genes, and fraternal twins do not, there must be something in the genes themselves that increases the chances of becoming an alcoholic. (Crabbe, J.C., & Harris, R.A., eds. The Genetic Basis of Alcohol and Drug Actions. New York: Plenum Press, 1991.)

Culture also plays a part. Alcoholism may appear after the first drink, many years of drinking, or after a period of binge drinking. If a person's culture is alcohol free, obviously the genetic influence will not cause alcoholism. If the culture only approves of light drinking and occasional drinking, the rate of alcoholism will be lower than a culture that encourages alcohol use. (American Psychologist, 39, 1337-1351, 1984. Reprinted in W.R. Miller (Ed.), Alcoholism: Theory, research, and treatment, Lexington, MA: Gunn, 1985.)

Personal choice also plays a role. Som...

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