Alcoholism Treatment Center Roswell NM

Alcoholism may appear after the first drink, many years of drinking, or after a period of binge drinking. If a person's culture is alcohol free, obviously the genetic influence will not cause alcoholism.

Counseling Associates Inc
(505) 623-1480
109 West Bland Street
Roswell, NM

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Rio Grande Intensive Outpatient Trt
(505) 737-5533
1350 Paseo Del Pueblo Sur
Taos, NM

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Border Area Mental Health Services
(505) 388-4497
315 South Hudson Street
Silver City, NM

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Denson, Diana
(505) 299-8989
11000 Spain Rd NE Suite E
Albuquerque, NM

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Los Alamos Family Council
(505) 662-3264
1505 15th Street
Los Alamos, NM

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New Mexico Rehabilitation Center
(505) 347-3400x3430
31 Gail Harris Avenue
Roswell, NM

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Buckles, Jason
(505) 615-2223
2403 San Mateo NE Suite W-4
Albuquerque, NM

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San Cristobal Academy
176 Camino del Medio
San Cristobal, NM

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Albuquerque Treatment Center
(505) 764-9669
209 San Mateo Boulevard NE
Albuquerque, NM

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Diane Coker NCC
(505) 524-6821 
Las Cruces, NM

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What Causes Alcoholism?

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What Causes Alcoholism?

Philip Sicks

Friday, September 14, 2007 What causes alcoholism? Alcoholism is a disease caused in part by genetics, in part by culture, and in part by personal choice.

Several twin studies have looked at the different alcoholism rate between twins using a group of identical twins and a group of fraternal twins. If alcoholism were only a behavior learned in the home, a set of identical twins should have the same rate of alcoholism as a set of fraternal twins. In fact, if one identical twin is an alcoholic the odds that the other will be also is higher than the odds for fraternal twins. Because identical twins have the same set of genes, and fraternal twins do not, there must be something in the genes themselves that increases the chances of becoming an alcoholic. (Crabbe, J.C., & Harris, R.A., eds. The Genetic Basis of Alcohol and Drug Actions. New York: Plenum Press, 1991.)

Culture also plays a part. Alcoholism may appear after the first drink, many years of drinking, or after a period of binge drinking. If a person's culture is alcohol free, obviously the genetic influence will not cause alcoholism. If the culture only approves of light drinking and occasional drinking, the rate of alcoholism will be lower than a culture that encourages alcohol use. (American Psychologist, 39, 1337-1351, 1984. Reprinted in W.R. Miller (Ed.), Alcoholism: Theory, research, and treatment, Lexington, MA: Gunn, 1985.)

Personal choice also plays a role. Som...

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