Alcoholism Treatment Center Tiverton RI

Alcoholism may appear after the first drink, many years of drinking, or after a period of binge drinking. If a person's culture is alcohol free, obviously the genetic influence will not cause alcoholism.

Janes, Rebecca
(508) 636-8487
637 State Road
Westport, MA

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Habit Management
(508) 676-1307x101
22 Front Street
Fall River, MA

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Portguese Youth Cultural Organization
(719) 264-0718x16
1402 Pleasant Street
Fall River, MA

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Stanley Street Treatment and Resources
(508) 679-5222x3200
386 Stanley Street
Fall River, MA

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Stepping Stone Inc
(508) 674-2788x121
542 North Main Street
Fall River, MA

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Saint Annes Hospital
(508) 235-5010
795 Middle Street
Fall River, MA

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Brown, Holly
(401) 258-1450
107 Clock Tower Square
Portsmouth, RI

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Penza, Kristin
(781) 264-8953
107 Clock Tower SQ
Portsmouth, RI

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Family Services Association of
(508) 678-7542
151 Rock Street
Fall River, MA

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Child and Family Services of Newport
(401) 841-8896
19 Valley Road
Middletown, RI

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What Causes Alcoholism?

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What Causes Alcoholism?

Philip Sicks

Friday, September 14, 2007 What causes alcoholism? Alcoholism is a disease caused in part by genetics, in part by culture, and in part by personal choice.

Several twin studies have looked at the different alcoholism rate between twins using a group of identical twins and a group of fraternal twins. If alcoholism were only a behavior learned in the home, a set of identical twins should have the same rate of alcoholism as a set of fraternal twins. In fact, if one identical twin is an alcoholic the odds that the other will be also is higher than the odds for fraternal twins. Because identical twins have the same set of genes, and fraternal twins do not, there must be something in the genes themselves that increases the chances of becoming an alcoholic. (Crabbe, J.C., & Harris, R.A., eds. The Genetic Basis of Alcohol and Drug Actions. New York: Plenum Press, 1991.)

Culture also plays a part. Alcoholism may appear after the first drink, many years of drinking, or after a period of binge drinking. If a person's culture is alcohol free, obviously the genetic influence will not cause alcoholism. If the culture only approves of light drinking and occasional drinking, the rate of alcoholism will be lower than a culture that encourages alcohol use. (American Psychologist, 39, 1337-1351, 1984. Reprinted in W.R. Miller (Ed.), Alcoholism: Theory, research, and treatment, Lexington, MA: Gunn, 1985.)

Personal choice also plays a role. Som...

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