Alcoholism Treatment Center Waianae HI

Alcoholism may appear after the first drink, many years of drinking, or after a period of binge drinking. If a person's culture is alcohol free, obviously the genetic influence will not cause alcoholism.

Waianae Coast Comprehensive Health
(808) 668-2277
89-188 Farrington Highway
Waianae, HI

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Hoomau Ke Ola
(808) 696-4266
85-761 Farrington Highway
Waianae, HI

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YMCA of Honolulu
(808) 848-2494
91-5335 Kapolei Parkway
Kapolei, HI

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YMCA Outreach Services
(808) 848-2494
1515 California Avenue
Wahiawa, HI

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Wahiawa Middle School
(808) 848-2494
275 Rose Street
Wahiawa, HI

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YMCA Outreach Services
(808) 848-2494
89-980 Nanakuli Avenue
Waianae, HI

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Army Substance Abuse Program (ASAP)
(808) 433-8700
Building 673
Schofield Barracks, HI

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Hina Mauka/Teen Care
(808) 627-7747x2347
95-1200 Meheula Parkway
Mililani, HI

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YMCA Outreach Services
(808) 637-9713
67-160 Farrington Highway
Waialua, HI

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YMCA Outreach Services
(808) 848-2494
94-1211 Farrington Highway
Waipahu, HI

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What Causes Alcoholism?

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What Causes Alcoholism?

Philip Sicks

Friday, September 14, 2007 What causes alcoholism? Alcoholism is a disease caused in part by genetics, in part by culture, and in part by personal choice.

Several twin studies have looked at the different alcoholism rate between twins using a group of identical twins and a group of fraternal twins. If alcoholism were only a behavior learned in the home, a set of identical twins should have the same rate of alcoholism as a set of fraternal twins. In fact, if one identical twin is an alcoholic the odds that the other will be also is higher than the odds for fraternal twins. Because identical twins have the same set of genes, and fraternal twins do not, there must be something in the genes themselves that increases the chances of becoming an alcoholic. (Crabbe, J.C., & Harris, R.A., eds. The Genetic Basis of Alcohol and Drug Actions. New York: Plenum Press, 1991.)

Culture also plays a part. Alcoholism may appear after the first drink, many years of drinking, or after a period of binge drinking. If a person's culture is alcohol free, obviously the genetic influence will not cause alcoholism. If the culture only approves of light drinking and occasional drinking, the rate of alcoholism will be lower than a culture that encourages alcohol use. (American Psychologist, 39, 1337-1351, 1984. Reprinted in W.R. Miller (Ed.), Alcoholism: Theory, research, and treatment, Lexington, MA: Gunn, 1985.)

Personal choice also plays a role. Som...

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