Alcoholism Treatment Center Williston ND

Alcoholism may appear after the first drink, many years of drinking, or after a period of binge drinking. If a person's culture is alcohol free, obviously the genetic influence will not cause alcoholism.

Basin Alcohol and Drug Services
(701) 774-0122
322 Main Street
Williston, ND

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Family Recovery Home
(701) 774-9625
126 West Broadway
Williston, ND

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MAB Addiction Counseling Services
(701) 352-1667
728 Hill Avenue
Grafton, ND

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Regional Evaluation and Counseling
(701) 746-4944
1407 24th Avenue South
Grand Forks, ND

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First Step Recovery PLLP
(701) 293-3384
409 7th Street South
Fargo, ND

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Mercy Recovery Center
(701) 774-7409
1301 15th Avenue West
Williston, ND

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Native American Resource Center
(701) 774-0461x117
Main Street Trenton
Trenton, ND

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Three Affiliated Tribes Circle of Life
(701) 627-4700x10
404 Frontage Road
New Town, ND

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Fifth Generation Counseling Center
(701) 477-3121
Highway 5
Belcourt, ND

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Drake Counseling
(701) 746-8414
2100 Columbia Road
Grand Forks, ND

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What Causes Alcoholism?

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What Causes Alcoholism?

Philip Sicks

Friday, September 14, 2007 What causes alcoholism? Alcoholism is a disease caused in part by genetics, in part by culture, and in part by personal choice.

Several twin studies have looked at the different alcoholism rate between twins using a group of identical twins and a group of fraternal twins. If alcoholism were only a behavior learned in the home, a set of identical twins should have the same rate of alcoholism as a set of fraternal twins. In fact, if one identical twin is an alcoholic the odds that the other will be also is higher than the odds for fraternal twins. Because identical twins have the same set of genes, and fraternal twins do not, there must be something in the genes themselves that increases the chances of becoming an alcoholic. (Crabbe, J.C., & Harris, R.A., eds. The Genetic Basis of Alcohol and Drug Actions. New York: Plenum Press, 1991.)

Culture also plays a part. Alcoholism may appear after the first drink, many years of drinking, or after a period of binge drinking. If a person's culture is alcohol free, obviously the genetic influence will not cause alcoholism. If the culture only approves of light drinking and occasional drinking, the rate of alcoholism will be lower than a culture that encourages alcohol use. (American Psychologist, 39, 1337-1351, 1984. Reprinted in W.R. Miller (Ed.), Alcoholism: Theory, research, and treatment, Lexington, MA: Gunn, 1985.)

Personal choice also plays a role. Som...

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