Alcoholism Treatment Center Yankton SD

Alcoholism may appear after the first drink, many years of drinking, or after a period of binge drinking. If a person's culture is alcohol free, obviously the genetic influence will not cause alcoholism.

South Dakota Human Services Center
(605) 668-3280x3280
3515 Broadway Avenue
Yankton, SD

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Adolescent Chemical Dependency Program
(605) 668-3315
3315 Broadway Avenue
Yankton, SD

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Northern Hills Alcohol/Drug Services
(605) 787-9200
7205 Timberline Road
Black Hawk, SD

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First Step Counseling Services/SF
(605) 361-1505
4320 South Louise Avenue
Sioux Falls, SD

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Keystone Outpatient Program
(614) 220-8572
704 North West Avenue
Sioux Falls, SD

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Lewis and Clark Behavioral Hlth Servs
(605) 665-4606
1028 Walnut Street
Yankton, SD

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Simpson, James
(605) 388-0991
3202 W Main St Suite B
Rapid City, SD

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Sisseton Wahpeton Sioux Tribe
(605) 698-3917
388 Dakota Avenue
Sisseton, SD

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New Dawn Enterprises
(605) 465-2968
19271 Highway 79
Vale, SD

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Stepping Stones
(605) 995-8180
901 South Miller Street
Mitchell, SD

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What Causes Alcoholism?

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What Causes Alcoholism?

Philip Sicks

Friday, September 14, 2007 What causes alcoholism? Alcoholism is a disease caused in part by genetics, in part by culture, and in part by personal choice.

Several twin studies have looked at the different alcoholism rate between twins using a group of identical twins and a group of fraternal twins. If alcoholism were only a behavior learned in the home, a set of identical twins should have the same rate of alcoholism as a set of fraternal twins. In fact, if one identical twin is an alcoholic the odds that the other will be also is higher than the odds for fraternal twins. Because identical twins have the same set of genes, and fraternal twins do not, there must be something in the genes themselves that increases the chances of becoming an alcoholic. (Crabbe, J.C., & Harris, R.A., eds. The Genetic Basis of Alcohol and Drug Actions. New York: Plenum Press, 1991.)

Culture also plays a part. Alcoholism may appear after the first drink, many years of drinking, or after a period of binge drinking. If a person's culture is alcohol free, obviously the genetic influence will not cause alcoholism. If the culture only approves of light drinking and occasional drinking, the rate of alcoholism will be lower than a culture that encourages alcohol use. (American Psychologist, 39, 1337-1351, 1984. Reprinted in W.R. Miller (Ed.), Alcoholism: Theory, research, and treatment, Lexington, MA: Gunn, 1985.)

Personal choice also plays a role. Som...

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